Texas - state of the southern part of our country. The territory of the state is 695 622 km ², the population is 22.8 million. Texas is one of the centers of American agriculture, animal husbandry, education, oil and chemical industries and financial institutions. The capital of the state is Austin, an administrative division in District. State name derives from the Spanish word «tejas», and then, in turn, from the Indian «táysha», the language of the Caddo tribes, meaning "friend", "ally" (named the first Spanish explorers called the Indian Territory, were part of a confederation of tribes hasinay) . Texas is bordered by New Mexico (at west), Oklahoma (at the north), Louisiana and Arkansas (at the east). South-western boundary of Texas is held by the Rio Grande, which separates the U.S. and Mexico. On the southeast Texas washed by gulf of Mexico.