Connecticut - is situated on the northeast part of our country, part of the New England region. Capital - Hartford, largest cities - Bridgeport. Population - 3,406,000 people. State name derives from the expression on the Algonquin language, translated as "long on the river, subject to tides". Official name since 1959 is State Constitution. Before the official name was State of nutmeg. In the south of the territory is washed by the Gulf state of Long Island Sound, Connecticut is bordered on the west by New York State, in the north by Massachusetts at the east - by Rhode Island. The territory of the state is 14 371 km. The territory is divided into eight regions, mostly (though not always) coincide with the eight members of the Connecticut counties. The main official name of the state due to the fact that in 1639 the British colony of Connecticut adopted its first constitution in the world - Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.