Alabama - state of the group of states in South-East Centre. Area is 133.9 thousand km ². The population is 4.4 million people. Administrative Center - Montgomery (during the Civil War, Montgomery was the capital of breakaway states). Major cities are Birmingham, Mobile, Huntsville. Alabama bordered at the west by Mississippi, on the east by Georgia, on the north by Tennessee, on the south by Florida, overlooking the Gulf of Mexico. Has the status of state from 1819 (22 th in a row the state). Official nickname is "The Heart of the South". Most of the territory is located on lowlands in the north of transforming into a rolling plain and the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains.