The capital of Louisiana is Baton Rouge, the largest city is New Orleans (before Katrina). The total area of 134,182 km ². The population is 4,469,000 people. Official nickname of Louisiana is State of pelicans. Louisiana named in honor of French King Louis XIV. In the past, the vast territory known as Louisiana near the Gulf Coast, the French-controlled (see New France). After the Louisiana purchase of the southern part of the territory was the state with the same name. At the west Louisiana border with Texas, at the north with Arkansas at the east with Mississippi and south of the territory bounded by the waters of the Gulf of Mexico. State jurisdiction is clearly divided into two parts - the "upper" and "bottom". The latter is characterized by an abundance of marshy lowlands. The highest point - the hill Driskill, height above sea level - only 163 m.